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France - Assignats

During the French Revolution, France's government was in desperate need of money to continue operating. It issued these assignats in huge quantities, not redeemable in gold or silver, but backed by the the reclaimed land of the church. The hope was to provide a stimulus to the country's economy and to sell off the properties to the middle class, supporting the fundamental motivations of the Revolution. This was the beginning of a huge monetary failure, which resulted in a cycle of inflation and further issues of assignats, finally bringing the ultimate collapse of the French financial system in 1796. Paper money is a nursery of tyranny, corruption, and delusions;
a veritable orgy of authority in delirium
- Mirabeau

1791 Third Issue

Laf.145 (SCWPM P.A50, Ass Ass.20a)

5 Livres,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
11/1/1791

Gatteaux FEC

1791 Third Issue

Laf.146 (SCWPM P.A51, Ass Ass.21a)

10 Livres,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
12/16/1791

Gatteaux FEC

1792 First Issue

Laf.149 (SCWPM P.A54, Ass Ass.24a)

15 Sols,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
1/4/1792

Gatteaux+Gerard FEC

Laf.150 (SCWPM P.A55, Ass Ass.25a)

25 Sols,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
1/4/1792

Le Droz FEC

1792 Second Issue

Laf.156 (SCWPM P.A61, Ass Ass.31a)

5 Livres,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
7/31/1792

Gatteaux FEC

1792 Third Issue

Laf.159 (SCWPM P.A64, Ass Ass.34a)

10 Sous,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
10/24/1792

Gatteaux FEC

Laf.160 (SCWPM P.A65, Ass Ass.35a)

15 Sols,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
10/24/1792

Gatteaux FEC

Laf.161b (SCWPM P.A66b, Ass Ass.36a)

10 Livres,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
10/24/1792

Gatteaux FEC

Laf.162 (SCWPM P.A67, Ass Ass.37a)

25 Livres,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
10/24/1792

Gatteaux FEC

1792 Issue, Republique Francaise

Laf.164 (SCWPM P.A72, Ass Ass.39a)

50 Livres,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
12/14/1792

Gatteaux INV
Tardieu, A. SC

1793 Issue

Laf.165b (SCWPM P.A68, Ass Ass.40a)

10 Sous,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
5/23/1793

Laf.166b (SCWPM P.A69, Ass Ass.41a)

15 Sols,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
5/23/1793

Laf.167 (SCWPM P.A70, Ass Ass.42a)

50 Sols,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
5/23/1793

Laf.168 (SCWPM P.A71, Ass Ass.43a)

25 Livres,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
6/23/1793

1793 Second Issue

Laf.171 (SCWPM P.A76, Ass Ass.46a)

5 Livres,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
10/31/1793

1794 Issue

Laf.172 (SCWPM P.A77, Ass Ass.47a)

500 Livres,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
8/2/1794

1795 Franc Issue

Laf.173 (SCWPM P.A78, Ass Ass.48a)

100 Francs,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
1/7/1795

Promesses de Mandats Territoriaux

A last-ditch effort to salvage the economic disaster of the Assignat, Mandats were issued with supposedly stronger backing, this time secured by public real estate which could be bought with the Mandats. The Mandat was a failure before it was even released, continuing the inflationary cycle of the Assignats. 1796 Issue

Laf.200b (SCWPM P.A83b, Ass Ass.59a)

25 Francs,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
3/18/1796

Laf.201 (SCWPM P.A84, Ass Ass.60a)

100 Francs,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo
3/18/1796

Laf.208 (SCWPM P.A87b, Ass Ass.63b)

100 Francs,

Imp Banque Royale: Typo, black handstamp
3/18/1796